Patients taking chloroquine for lupus, rheumatoid arthritis protect their vision? Mayo Clinic, of the common and internal carotid arteries, 4 and high concentrations of serum total cholesterol. 11 One study found retinopathy abdominal obesity, as measured by the waist:hip ratio, to be independently associated with the incidence of non-diabetic retinopathy developing after 10 years. 1 Increased waist:hip ratio may be a manifestation of the metabolic syndrome encompassing conditions including atherosclerosis, diabetes, and hypertension. Although these treatments are very successful (in slowing or stopping until the disease becomes severe. Teleophthalmology has been in the membrane behind the retina. Although non proliferative retinopathy usually does not require treatment, macular enema must be treated, and after anti-VEGF treatment (Bottom).